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Just in: (11/02/2017) - Xylotrupes gideon L2 (unsexed) larvae £5-6 each get them while stock lasts.

 

We will soon be restocked in the following:

  • Dynastes herucles hercules l1-l2 larvae
  • Chalcosoma atlas l1-l2 larvae
  • Allomyrina dichotoma adult pairs.
  • Chalcosoma atlas adult pairs.

(Estimate Mid March perhaps slightly longer for the adult pairs.).

 

Also a wide range of supplies to make your hobby easier. Rather than search through the net for suitable goods we have sourced the correct items as used by far east breeders for you.

A particularly exciting item is the new handling stick it is handcrafted and is the tradtional tool which has been designed over decades by breeders in the far east to be the best way of humanely controlling your animals as these beetles have very strong grip and trying to yank them off a surface could result in injury.

Latest new product is the much requested adult beetle perch (as seen on many far east videos). Our perch is made from hard wearing and waterproof Mopani wood from Africa. At £4.99 this is a real bargain compared to normal petshop prices for the same type of item. Each perch is unique as they are organic real wood pieces.

Finally we are delighted to announce our new kits, which provide everything you need to keep larvae or adult beetles.

 

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What's a beetle?

Beetles are insects from the order Coleoptera.

The word "coleoptera" is from the Greek koleos meaning "sheath" and pteron, meaning "wing", thus "sheathed wing".

beetle structure

The reason for the name is that most beetles have two pairs of wings, the front pair, the "elytra", being hardened and thickened into a sheath-like, or shell-like, protection for the rear pair, and for the rear part of the beetle's body.

The similarity of most beetles' shapes, in particular their possession of elytra, suggests that the Coleoptera are one group, but there is evidence in favour of allocating the current suborder Adephaga their own order.

Beetles are by far the largest orders of insects, with 350,000–400,000 species in four suborders (Adephaga, Archostemata, Myxophaga, and Polyphaga), making up about 40% of all insect species described.

Beetles are generally characterized by a particularly hard exoskeleton and hard forewings (elytra). The beetle's exoskeleton is made up of numerous plates called sclerites, separated by thin sutures. This design provides armored defenses while maintaining flexibility. The general anatomy of a beetle is quite uniform, although specific organs and appendages may vary greatly in appearance and function between the many families in the order. Like all insects, beetles' bodies are divided into three sections: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. Also like all insects beetles have 3 pairs of legs.

Dynastinae or rhinoceros beetles are asubfamily of the scarab beetlefamily (Scarabaeidae) The Dynastinae are among the largest of beetles, reaching more than 150 mm (6 in) in length, but are completely harmless to humans because they cannot bite or sting. Some species have been claimed to lift up to 850 times their own weight Their common names refer to the characteristic horns borne only by the males of most species in the group. Each has a horn on the head and another horn pointing forward from the center of the thorax. The horns are used in fighting other males during mating season, The size of the horn is a good indicator of nutrition and physical health

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Rhino Beetles

Dynastinae or rhinoceros beetles are a subfamily of the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae). Other common names – some for particular groups of rhinoceros beetles – are for example Hercules beetlesunicorn beetles or horn beetles. Over 300 species of rhinoceros beetles are known.

Many rhinoceros beetles are well known for their unique shapes and large sizes. Some famous species are, for example, the Atlas beetle (Chalcosoma atlas), common rhinoceros beetle (Xylotrupes ulysses), elephant beetle (Megasoma elephas), European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis), Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules),Japanese rhinoceros beetle or kabutomushi (Allomyrina dichotoma), ox beetle (Strategus aloeus) and the Eastern Hercules beetle (Dynastes tityus).

Description


The body of an adult rhinoceros beetle is covered by a thick exoskeleton. A pair of thick wings lie atop another set of membranous wings underneath, allowing the rhinoceros beetle to fly, although not very efficiently, owing to its large size. Their best protection from predators is their size and stature. Additionally, since they arenocturnal, they avoid many of their predators during the day. When the sun is out, they hide under logs or in vegetation to camouflage themselves from the few predators big enough to want to eat them. If rhinoceros beetles are disturbed, some can release very loud, hissing squeaks. The hissing squeaks are created by rubbing their abdomens against the ends of their wing covers. Rhinoceros beetles are relatively resilient; a healthy adult male can live up to 2-3 years. The females rarely live long after they mate.The Dynastinae are among the largest of beetles, reaching more than 150 mm (6 in) in length, but are completely harmless to humans because they cannot bite or sting. Some species have been anecdotally claimed to lift up to 850 times their own weight.Their common names refer to the characteristic horns borne only by the males of most species in the group. Each has a horn on the head and another horn pointing forward from the center of the thorax. The horns are used in fighting other males during mating season, and for digging. The size of the horn is a good indicator of nutrition and physical health.

These beetles' larval stages last for several years. The larvae feed on rotten wood and the adults feed on nectarplant sap and fruit. First, the larvae hatch from eggs and later develop into pupae before they reach adult status (see picture at left). The females lay 50 eggs on average. Contrary to what their size may imply, adult rhinoceros beetles do not eat large amounts, unlike their larvae, which eat a significant amount of rotting wood.

Use by humans

Rhinoceros beetles have become popular pets in parts of Asia,due to being relatively clean, easy to maintain, and safe to handle. Also in Asia, male beetles are used for gambling fights. Since males naturally have the tendency to fight each other for the attention of females, they are the ones used for battle. To get the two male beetles to lock in combat, a female beetle or a small noisemaker is used to duplicate the female's mating call.

Scientists suggest the larvae contain much more protein (40%), than chicken (20%) and beef(approximately 18%) and they could become a protein source for a large human population.

A team of engineers examined the function and aerodynamics of the Allomyrina dichotoma beetle. Rhinoceros beetles could play a big part in the next generation of aircraft design.

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What to buy

It is obviously up to you what to buy. You need to follow your interests, decide what you particularly like and move on from there. What we are doing in this article is a bit of gentle advice on where to start and what to expect.

1. Adults are great.

It is not only really their complex shapes that are like something out of an Alien film and superhuman strength that attracts people to keeping these wonderfull animals but they also have great temperments and no logner have their sharp mouth parts which they have during their larvae phase making them easy to handle. With some species it can take over a year of rearing larvae to get to an adult beetle so some people prefer simply to buy the adults or are intrested in breeding their own larave.  depending on the species adults life span can range from a few months to 1.5 years and then they die. 

We do breed adults but compared to far east suppliers our stocks OF ADULTS are very low. Therefore we obtain stocks from our suppliers when you order from us, receive them, check their health and the ship to you. This is no different to almost any other shop, but it does result in perhaps a fortnight delay between ordering and you getting your beetle. We would rather be explicit and then let you decide what to do. What you get from ordering from us rather than the far east yourself is: a) we do the work b) we only use trusted legal providers we have worked with c) we only use sellers who breed in captivity and dont collect from the wild d) we check the health of arrivals, feed them and care for them before shipping on. e) we get better discounts (passed on to you) as we buy regularly from them.

Adults that we breed ourselves are significantly cheaper than those we import. The main reason for the increase in price is the shipping cost from the far east which is a significant amount. Shipping for single adults IS expensive and as you buy more at a time the shipping per adult reduces. When neither we or our suppliers have no stocks of an adult species we will mark that species as out of stock.

Stocks change on a weekly basis so please ask if you are interested in an out of stock species. Also availability of an adult is seasonal. Where possible we explain what the season is on our information pages.

2. Larvae initially look quite daunting.

But  they are actually very easy to care for, you can watch them grow and finally change (metamorphosise) into adults. (beware some larvae have sharp jaws which are lost upon becoing a adult to help the eat the decaying wood in the substrate so if provoked they could give you a nasty pinch). A major advantage of buying a larvae even if you want an adult is that you will have them for the full adult lifespan.

In practice most hobbyists start with an adult (male) but usually this develops into a breeding pair and then some larvae. As we said it is all up to you. It might be obvious but adults are more expensive than larvae as we have had to look after them for some time.

3. Extras

Food is easy for both larvae and adults (jelly for adults and a decayed hardwood/leaves diet for larvae). You will also need bedding material and containers - see separate articles on the site for help - or ask me if you need specific advice.

4.Make it simple

For beginners we have tried to make things simple by creating a series of kits. Each kit contains everything you need for keeping larvae or adults - except the animals themselves. We have kept the animal out of the kit so that you can pick the species you like rather than take what we pick.

 

 

 

 

Still have questions? no problem feel free to send us a enquiry via our website or email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Peter,

 

 

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Insect basics

Insect Basics

There are over 1 million species of insects, but as you may remember from school, the most basic definition of an insect is an organism with three pairs of legs and three body regions – head, thorax, and abdomen. Entomologists (scientists who study insects) might also add that insects have a pair of antennae and external mouthparts. As you learn more about insects, you will find there are some exceptions to these rules.

grasshop

The Head

The head region is at the front of the insect’s body, and contains the mouthparts, antennae, and eyes.

Insects have mouthparts designed to help them feed on different things. Some insects drink nectar, and have mouthparts modified into a tube called a proboscis to suck up liquid. Other insects havechewing mouthparts and eat leaves or other plant matter. Some insects bite or pinch, and others pierce and suck blood or plant fluids.

The pair of antennae may have obvious segments, or look like a feather. They come in different forms and are a clue to identifying the insect. Antennae are used to perceive sounds, vibrations, and other environmental factors.

Insects can have two types of eyes – compound or simple. Compound eyes are usually large with many lenses, giving the insect a complex image of its surroundings. A simple eye contains just a single lens. Some insects have both kinds of eyes.

The Thorax

The thorax, or middle region of an insect’s body, includes the wings and legs. All six legs are attached to the thorax. The thorax also contains the muscles that control movement.

All insect legs have five parts. Legs can be different shapes, and have different adaptations to help the insect move in its unique habitat. Grasshoppers have legs designed for jumping, while honey bees have legs with special baskets to hold pollen as the bee moves from flower to flower.

Wings also come in different shapes and sizes, and are another important clue to help you identify an insect. Butterflies and moths have wings made of overlapping scales, often in brilliant colors. Some insect wings appear transparent, with just a web of veins to identify their shape. When at rest, insects like beetles and praying mantids keep their wings folded flat against their bodies. Other insects hold their wings vertically, like butterflies and damselflies.

The Abdomen

The abdomen is the final region in the insect body, and contains the insect’s vital organs. Insects have digestive organs, including a stomach and intestines, to absorb nutrients from their food and separate waste matter. The sexual organs of the insect are also in the abdomen. Glands that secrete pheremones for marking the insect’s trail or attracting a mate are in this region as well.

The next time you observe a lady beetle or a moth in your yard, stop and take a closer look. See if you can distinguish the head, thorax, and abdomen. Look at the shape of the antennae, and watch how the insect holds its wings. These clues will help you identify a mystery insect, and provide information about how the insect lives, feeds, and moves.

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Rhinobeetle UK

 68 Northridge Road, Gravesend, DA12 5AY,UK
 

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